Life, Liberty, and Property
A Story of Conflict and a Measurement of Conflicting Rights
Alfred Winslow Jones
University of Akron Press
In the fall of 1938, Alfred Winslow Jones, a Columbia University graduate student, interviewed 1,705 Akron, Ohio, residents in order to gauge attitudes toward large corporations. Jones selected Akron because it was
a hotbed of labor unrest and conflict between large manufacturing firms and their employees, where the sit-down strike in particular had polarized the community. If rigid class lines existed anywhere, they ought to be evident in Akron. Jones discovered, however, that the polarization so evident in the workplace and in local politics had had only a minimal effect on underlying attitudes and values, even on controversial subjects such as the rights of corporations. One reviewer described his findings as
a most heartening testimonial to the vitality of our democracy.
Life, Liberty, and Property reports the actual comments of a broad range of Akron interviewees. Their statements provide a compelling and often colorful commentary on life in a divided and anxious Midwestern city. By 1938, the worst of the Depression was over, but jobs remained uncertain. The international turmoil that would lead to World War II was beginning to be a source of concern. Most of all, the appropriate roles for government and big business in a democratic society troubled Akron residents. Jones' interviews illuminate the whole range of public issues at a critical juncture in American history. Life, Liberty, and Property is an invaluable source on Akron, on Ohio, and on American society.
Alfred Winslow Jones (1900-1988) earned his bachelor's degree at Harvard University and, after serving several years in the foreign services, turned back to his studies to earn a PhD from Columbia University. Life, Liberty, and Property, his dissertation, was published by Lippincott in 1941, with excerpts also published in Fortune. Jones served as an editor for Fortune during WWII, and, late in the 1940s, joined with four friends to form A.W. Jones and Company, a private investment partnership, which continues to the present. Daniel Nelson, a professor of history at The University of Akron, earned his B.A. at Ohio Wesleyan and his PhD from the University of Wisconsin. Specializing in American business and labor history, he has published Shifting Fortunes, Farm and Factory, and Managers and Workers.