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The Javanese Way of Law

Early Modern Sloka Phenomena

Mason Hoadley

276 pages
Amsterdam University Press
The author's investigation of early-modern Javanese law reveals that judicial authority does not come from the contents of legal titles or juridical texts, but from legal maxims and variations thereof. A century and a half ago Simon Keyzer, a recognized scholar of Javanese law, noted that understanding of that law is dependent upon a grasp of such pithy expressions, which provide the key to the whole body of suits. (Preface, C.F. Winter, Javaansche Zamenspraken, 1858, which examines hundreds of sloka, the majority of which are directed to prevailing legal practice). Drawing upon the contents of 18th century Javanese legal texts, the present work builds upon Keyzer's and Winter's references to 'sloka-phenomena', namely sloka proper (maxims) and its derivatives sinalokan (that made of sloka), aksara here meaning legal principles, and prakara (matter, case). These are usually conveyed in vignettes illustrating their function and as a group, constitute the essence of traditional Javanese written law.
Author Bio
Mason C. Hoadley, professor emeritus, Lund University, Sweden, has published monographs on law as The Cirebon-Priangan Legal Administration, 1680-1792, (1994) and Islam dalam Tradisi Hukum Java & Hukum Kolonial (2009), and a number of conference reports, articles, and short papers.