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Step by Step: 3D/4D Ultrasound in Obstetrics, Gynecology and Infertility

Kuldeep Singh Narendra Malhotra

160 pages
Jaypee Bros Medical Pub Pvt Ltd

3D ultrasound shows a still image of a foetus, far more detailed than the 2D flat grey scale imaging. 4D ultrasound is more advanced, showing a moving image, allowing obstetricians to evaluate foetal well-being. It is also used by gynaecologists to examine uterine anomalies.

The second edition of this book is a step by step guide to 3D and 4D ultrasound in obstetrics, gynaecology and infertility. Divided into seven sections, it begins with discussion on instruments and scanning techniques, and normal pelvic anatomy by ultrasound.

The following chapters examine uterine lesions and the use of ultrasound for infertility evaluation. The final sections discuss 3D/4D ultrasound in early pregnancy and foetal anatomy and malformations in mid and late pregnancy.

This concise handbook has been fully updated to include the latest developments in 3D/4D ultrasound, and includes nearly 220 detailed photographs and ultrasound images.

Key points

  • Fully updated, new edition presenting latest developments in 3D and 4D ultrasound in obstetrics, gynaecology and infertility
  • Describes normal pelvic anatomy to help recognition of anomalies and malformations
  • Includes numerous clinical photographs and ultrasound images
  • Previous edition published in 2008
Author Bio

Consultant Ultrasonologist, Dr Kuldeep’s Ultrasound and Color Doppler Clinic, New Delhi, India

Narendra Malhotra MD FICOG FICMCH Ian Donald Diploma
Professor, Dubrovnik International University, Croatia; ART and Genetics, Malhotra Nursing and Maternity Home, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India