Encyclopedia of Science and Technology
Arcler Education Inc
Science and technology (S&T) is broadly acknowledged as an essential tool for promoting and strengthening a nation's socioeconomic development. This volume discusses significant advances in various fields of science and technology over the years, including a knowledgeable workforce and promoting innovative intellectual ideas. Amidst rapid globalization, fast depleting material resources, increasing institutional competition, and growing demands for intellectual property protection, the importance of strengthening knowledge base is an important issue for the scientific and technology community to recognize. Given the global economic order, the S&T sector should focus on: strengthening applied research and development (R&D) for technology generation; promoting human resource development, particularly in promoting innovative ideas; promoting research and application of science and technology for natural disaster prediction, prevention and mitigation among other spheres.
Prof. Ramesh Chandra is an outstanding scientist, revered teacher and an exceptionally successful administrator. He is currently heading Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, where he is serving as Professor for the last more than 26 years and Founder Director of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar Center for Biomedical Research, University of Delhi, since March 1991. He has been Vice-Chancellor, Bundelkhand University, Jhansi for six years (1999-2005); Member, Planning Commission, Government of U.P, India as well as the President of the Indian Chemical Society (2004-2006). Professor Chandra started his research career at the University of Delhi, thereafter he went to The New York Hospital-Cornell University Medical Center and the Rockefeller University, New York; State University of New York at Stonybrook, USA as Assistant Research Professor. He conducted advanced research at the Harvard University Medical School- Massachusetts General Hospital, jointly at MIT, Cambridge, USA. Over the last 38 years, Professor Chandra has contributed largely in the field of Chemical Sciences and particularly in New Drug Discovery and Development as well as Drug Metabolism. He has to his credit several patents, published more than 300 original Scientific Research Papers/ Review Articles in International journals of repute and six of his internationally acclaimed scientific Books. Prof. Chandra is the recipient of several professional national/ international recognitions; these includes: Millennium Plaques of Honor (Life Time Achievement Award for Contribution in Science & Technology) by the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) for 2017-2018, Award of the Highest Honor of Soka University, Tokyo, Japan (2000); J William Fulbright Scholarship (1993); The Rockefeller Foundation USA-Biotechnology Career Award (1993); and several others.