America's Energy Future
How Can We Take Charge?
National Issues Forums Institute
OverviewAmericans depend on easy access to energy. Most of us take it for granted that we will be able to light up a room with the flick of a switch, adjust the temperature of our homes at will, and climb into our cars every morning to go to work, often at distant sites.
We use more energy than any other country. Americans make up only 4.5 percent of the world’s population, yet we consume about 20 percent of the world’s energy production. Collectively, we drive more, heat more, air condition more, and plug in more electronic devices than anyone else. We use 22 percent of the oil consumed in the world each day.Worldwide energy use is on the upswing as well, and is projected to keep increasing, as rapidly developing countries, such as China, India, and Brazil, become bigger players in the worldwide market for energy supplies, especially oil. And—sooner or later—the world’s available supply of oil will run out.
This 13-page issue guide presents three options for deliberation:
Produce the Energy We Need to Maintain Our Way of Life
This option holds that we must produce more of the energy we need, while making sure that as much imported energy as possible comes from stable, friendly countries, such as Canada. The result would be to lessen foreign entanglements, cut the nation’s trade deficit, and make the dollar stronger in world markets, this option says.
Put More Renewables and Clean Energy Sources into the Mix
This option says that we need to find and use more sources of renewable energy. And, because we will inevitably have to move to renewables at some point, we should start down that path now. It will take time, but it will be worth it in the long run.
Find Ways to Use Less Energy
According to this option, there is no long-term future in this voracious use of energy produced by fossil fuels. They will, eventually, run out and, in the meantime, we continue to do great damage to the air, water, and earth that sustain us. While renewable, nonpolluting sources of energy may well be the answer to our problems, realistically we cannot expect them soon.