As European Muslims and Muslims in the Middle East diverge, imams in Europe have emerged as major agents of religious authority who shape Islam’s presence in Western societies. This volume examines the theoretical and practical questions concerning the evolving role of imams in Europe. To what extent do imams act as intermediaries between European states and Muslim communities? Do states subsidise imam training? How does institutionalisation of Islam differ between European states?
Mohammed Hashas is a Research Fellow in the Department of Political Science, LUISS Guido Carli University of Rome, Italy.Jan Jaap de Ruiter is Arabist and assistant professor at the Tilburg University.Niels Valdemar Vinding is an assistant professor at the University of Copenhagen.