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Urban Sociology: An Introduction to the Study of Urban Communities

Sudha Menon

256 pages
Arcler Education Inc
Urbanization happens as result of p increasing population and crowding in a given region or a city. It is also associated with the fact that there is increasing movement of people from the rural areas to the urban set up like towns and cities in general. The onset of urbanization began a long time ago when people started moving or migrating from the rural areas to the cities with the belief that they could be exposed to a better life than that in the rural areas. In modern times urbanization is closely linked to modernization, industrialization, and the sociological process of rationalization. Urbanization can describe a specific condition at a set time, i.e. the proportion of total population or area in cities or towns, or the term can describe the increase of this proportion over time. With the growth in urbanization came the urban communities. These are communities of people who live in these urban centres. As part of your study of urban sociology, this book provides an elaborate account of the urban communities to help with a view to provide a deeper understanding of these communities. The book provides a detailed overview of all the aspects of the urban community. It starts by discussing the concept of urban communities, Such as the characteristics of urban communities, the positive aspects of urban communities and the negative aspects of urban communities.The book then delves into the issue of identities, differences and territories as they pertain to urban communities. Here it introduces the four dominant processes and subsequent trends in urban pollution growth and urban communities. It also tackles the issues of language differences as instrument in the urban community, segregation and differences in territories of urban community and income segregation in urban communities. To better understand urban communities the book takes a look at the lifestyle and consumption habits of urban communities. In this section the book covers urban lifestyle, shopping behavior of the urban communities, food consumption patterns of the urban communities, alcohol consumption and the urban communities and impact of the millennial preference on the urban lifestyle.In the chapter on culture of the urban communities the book explores the concept of urban culture, the factors that influence the urban culture, types of ancient urban cultures and modern urban cultures. because just like any other community, urban communities relies heavily on social links and networks, this book discusses important issues to do with social networks of the urban communities such as key factors that shape social networks of the urban communities, social networks and social support among urban communities, social networks and new technologies in the urban communities and community social network as tool for urban development.Civil society organizations play an important role in the society and especially the urban community. to better understand the role of civil society organizations in urban community this books provides a theoretical framework of social movement and then discusses the meaning of civil society, the role of civil society, the measurements of the civil society sector, the obstructions to growth of civil society in developing countries, the state versus civil society and the challenges ahead for civil movements. The book also looks at the pertinent issue of gender equality and streamlining in urban centers. Here the book discusses the gender roles in urban communities, and the gender and urban social movement.Housing is one of the major problems that members of urban communities have to grapple with every year. As an urban sociology student it is important that you have a clear understanding of this issue. This provides you with a detailed over view of urbanization and housing menace and provide important case studies on the future of housing in urban centers. The book also has a chapter dedicated to poverty and the urban communities. Poverty in urban centers is high everywhere on earth. Fromm this book you will learn about the historical development of urban poverty, the main poverty factors, the morphology of poverty in modern cities and the urban poverty cases around the world.Crime is also another social evil most associated with the urban community. In this book you will study about the causes of crime in the urban communities, the types of urban crimes, reasons why people commit crimes in the urban areas and how to control and prevent crime in the urban communities. Migration for years has been an important source of the urban community. This book discuss the historical over view of migration of human beings, reasons for rural urban migration, internal migration, rural-rural migration, rural-urban migration, return migration, migration selectivity, general regulations relating to migration and benefits of migrationFinally this book looks at the future of urban communities. In this section the book covers indicators of a better life ahead in the urban and the urban communities, improving the quality of life in the urban set up, planning for long-term growth and renewal and specific causes for migration with an aim of determining the future of urban communities. This book therefore is perfect for urban sociology students as it covers all the important aspects of urban community that the students’ needs to know.
Author Bio
Dr. Sudha Menon is a freelance consultant, researcher, activist and NGO professional based in India with more than 17 years of experience in social sector documentation and public policy research. She holds MA and PhD in Political Science from University of Kerala. Since 2009, she has been working for the economic empowerment of informal sector women workers in South Asia. She is the author of 12 books and many research papers published in reputed journals and magazines. Currently she serves as the Trust Council Member of ‘Citizens Rights Watch’, an international NGO based in London.