Integrating Primary and Secondary Sources Into Teaching
The SOURCES Framework for Authentic Investigation
Scott M. Waring
Teachers College Press
Learn how to integrate and evaluate primary and secondary sources by using the SOURCES framework. SOURCES is an acronym for an approach that educators can use with student in all grades and content areas: Scrutinize the fundamental source, Organize thoughts, Understand the context, Read between the lines, Corroborate and refute, Establish a plausible narrative, and Summarize final thoughts. Waring outlines a clearly delineated, step-by-step process of how to progress through the seven stages of the framework and provides suggestions for seamlessly integrating emerging technologies into instruction. The text provides classroom-ready examples and explicit scaffolding, such as sources analysis sheets for various types of primary and secondary sources. Readers can use this resource to give students the skills and knowledge necessary to think critically and create evidence-based narratives, in a manner similar to professionals in the field. Integrating Primary and Secondary Sources Into Teaching will be of interest to social studies educators and curriculum coordinators, as well as those involved in curriculum design, planning, and technology integration across the content areas.
Offers a grounded means for conducting higher-order reasoning and inquiry.
Demonstrates how to integrate this approach in various disciplinary areas, such as social studies, English/language arts, mathematics, and science.
Provides user-friendly lessons and activities.
Includes resources to assist students throughout the inquiry process.
Scott M. Waring is a professor and the program coordinator for the Social Science Education Program at the University of Central Florida.